Saturday, May 23, 2020

A Dominant Force Or Trend Within Clothing, Opinion, Arts,...

M Mainstream- a dominant force or trend in clothing, opinion, arts, etc. People in society are often motivated to involve themselves with what is mainstream so they can fit in and thrive. Majority group- an ethnic/racial group that has the largest population and usually the greatest economic and political power in a society. Marcel Mauss- introduced the qualities of gift giving, author of The Gift. Mauss was also a French sociologist, his work often bounced between sociology and anthropology. Marxism- the political and economic theories of Karl Marx, later developed by their followers to form the basis for the theory and practice of communism. Masculinity- qualities that are typically associated with men. Masculinity can be used as a negative term towards women. If a woman enjoys an activity that is generally correlated with men, such as playing football, then they are called masculine. Mediascape- another term defined by Arjun Appadurai, mediascape refers to the electronic and print media in global cultural flows. Migration- specifically speaking about human migration, it is defined as the movement by people from one place to another and settling in a new location. Minority group- an ethnic/racial group that has a smaller population than the controlling majority group in a society. Minority groups may also be based on shared gender, age, disabilities, political views, etc. Monotheism- a belief that there is only one god. Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are usuallyShow MoreRelatedGloablization4764 Words   |  20 PagesGlobalization (2004) Emulated through Images: The Globalization of Misconstructed African American Beauty and Hip-Hop Culture Kerri A. Reddick-Morgan Georgia State University Abstract From news coverage to entertainment, the media shapes, reflects, reinforces and defines the world in which we live. In publishing, theatre, films, television and popular music-industries largely controlled by white men--Blacks continually struggle for both a voice and representation.Read MoreGap, Google, Skywest Case Study Guide Essay examples5775 Words   |  24 Pagesoutstanding debt and consistently increase dividend payments to shareholders for financial wellness d. Improving Gap’s quality, styling, and overall image by brining back Patrick Robinsons as Gaps’s design chief who strayed them away from the â€Å"trend treadmill† and back to the classic of quality and style. (pg. 167) e. Analyst saw to company’s improved merchandise, clearer focus on the 25-35 age demographic, strong leadership team, and additional cost cutting strategy as the strengths ofRead MoreStudy Guide Culture and Media Essay3692 Words   |  15 PagesCulture Media Study Guide ECONOMIC Ownership/Capitalism Particular technological configurations; o Notion of inventions.[invented by society] o Society changes the way things are viewed. Certain laws, rules, and understandings; o Pertaining to what can be shown in the media o Private broadcasters must adhere to CBSC [global CTV news must follow their rules what can be shown and when o CBSC provides guidelines so that private broadcasters can follow Persons occupying certain roles; oRead MoreHow the Trickle-Down Theory Works in China Essay2820 Words   |  12 Pageswas tend to create new fashion trend which was the top of the trickle-down theory. In the 20th century, Simmel, the German sociologist and philosopher, developed this theory further from a more sympathetic perspective. He drew much attention to sameness and difference amongst both classes in his book Fashion (Simmel 1973). The upper class gets self-satisfied and the proof of its priority by distinguishing itself from others, and working class follows the fashion trend which led by upper class in orderRead MoreZara Fast Fashion: Executive Summary5256 Words   |  22 PagesZara: Fast Fashion NG Pui Yan, Ivy 05003539 CHAN Chi Cheuk, Sunny 05006856 CHUI Yuen Shan, Cora 05017041 LOK Ka Pik, Capi 06004911 GUENTHNER Patrick 07501153 Executive summary Quick response of Zara leads it to be successful in the fashion clothing industry. Zara adopts international strategy for its operation. With vertical integration, it benefits Zara in cost aspect, however, it involves some risks. Due to our anaylysis on Zara’s operations, some of the recommendations are made to facilitateRead MoreExam 2 Ch 3 4 HCC SPRING 2015 Ritzer W O Answers Essay3567 Words   |  15 Pagesï » ¿USE THE GREEN SKINNY 100 ct SCANTRON Houston Community College – Southwest EXAM 2 (ch. 3-4) – SPRING 2015 Research Methods and Culture Introduction to Sociology – SOCI 1301 Short answers and completed scan-tron due at beginning of class on Wednesday, MARCH 25. Choose the BEST answer. Bubble in the letter on the scantron that corresponds with the BEST answer (1 pt each) 1) While the findings of sociologists may at times seem like common sense, they differ from common sense because they rest onRead MoreBritish Arts5612 Words   |  23 PagestishTOPIC 14: BRITISH ARTS Outline: I. Introduction II. Content 1. Overview of the arts in Britain 1.1. What are â€Å"the arts†? 1.2. The arts in society 1.3. The characteristics of British arts and letters 1. Types of arts 2.4. Theatre and cinema 2.5. Music 2.6. Literature 2.7. The fine arts III. Conclusion 1. Overview of the arts in Britain 2.1. What are â€Å"The arts†? The art is the term which is usedRead MoreCountry Notebook Essay12249 Words   |  49 Pageswith their parents until they are married, even if they are full grown adults. Parents are desperate attempt to give children an educational advantage, and grant them explore to a globalized worldview (in contrast with Koreas strictly homogenous culture and community), children are often sent to boarding schools abroad usually to the U.S., Canada and Australia, and family members strangely separated for many years. * Marriage and Courtship Traditionally, Courtship before marriage is rare,Read MoreGp Essay Mainpoints24643 Words   |  99 Pagesand Ethics b. Government and scientist role in science c. Rely too much on technology? d. Nuclear technology e. Genetic modification f. Right tech for wrong reasons 3. Arts/Culture a. Arts have a future in Singapore? b. Why pursue Arts? c. Arts and technology d. Uniquely Singapore: Culture 4. Environment a. Developed vs. Developing b. Should environment be saved at all costs c. Are we doing enough to save the environment? d. Main reasons for environmental problemsRead MoreStudy Guide9234 Words   |  37 Pagesindividual’s personal biography may be part of a much larger picture. For example, a college student experiences her individual stress and turmoil as personal, but when sociologists study large populations of students, they can understand the larger social forces that may be contributing to this student’s hardships, such as a poor job market. These findings might show that the student was not in complete control of his or her own difficulties. This can be seen as terrible, because it shows that no one is in

Monday, May 18, 2020

How to Conjugate the French Verb Aider (to Help)

French students will be delighted to learn that  aider is an easy verb to conjugate. This is a regular verb that follows a specific pattern, so changing it to match the subject and tense is relatively easy. Aider  is the French verb for to help. This is easy to remember because aid is found inside the French word. With that said, this French lesson promises to be a quick one. Conjugating the French Verb  Aider We conjugate verbs in English as well, just not to the extent that other languages do. In French, changing the verb to indicate and support the subject pronoun—the j, tu, il, nous, etc.—as well as the tense is necessary. With a  regular -er verb  like  aider, this is easy. That is because these verbs change the endings in similar ways to one another. Once you learn how to conjugate  aider, doing so with a verb like  accepter  is performed in the same manner. Use this chart to learn the various forms of  aider. It will change according to whom you are speaking of as well as the tense. For instance, to say I help in French, you would say jaide or for we will help, you will use nous aiderons. Subject Present Future Imperfect j aide aiderai aidais tu aides aideras aidais il aide aidera aidait nous aidons aiderons aidions vous aidez aiderez aidiez ils aident aideront aidaient The Present Participle of  Aider Aider  can be transformed using the present participle for uses beyond a verb. In this form, it can also be an adjective, gerund, or noun. To do so, you must use  present participle, which is  aidant. The Common Past Tense of  Aider It is very common in French to use the  passà © composà ©Ã‚  for the past tense. This is an even easier conjugation than the imperfect. No matter your subject, you can use  passà © composà © with an  auxiliary verb  to express having helped in the past. For agir, the auxiliary verb is  avoir.  You will also need the past participle  for aider, which is  aidà ©. This means that when you want to say I helped, you can use the French jai aidà ©. To say we helped, it would simply be nous avons  aidà ©. Its important to note that the  ai and avons in these examples are conjugates of the auxiliary verb  avoir. More Conjugations for  Aider There are other conjugations which you may use at times, though those above are the most important forms of  aider. The following table will give you the subjunctive—a form of uncertainty—as well as the conditional verb forms. You will also find the  passà © simple and imperfect subjunctive forms. Both of these are used in formal writing. Subject Subjunctive Conditional Pass Simple Imperfect Subjunctive j aide aiderais aidai aidasse tu aides aiderais aidas aidasses il aide aiderait aida aidt nous aidions aiderions aidmes aidassions vous aidiez aideriez aidtes aidassiez ils aident aideraient aidrent aidassent You will need to know one last conjugation for  aider  and that is the imperative form. This is used for commands or requests, which are common uses for  aider, so this is important to study.   For the imperative, there is no need to use the subject pronoun as the imperative verb implies the who. For example, instead of saying il aide le to say help him, you would simply say aide le. Its short and to the point, exactly what you need when you need help. Imperative (tu) aide (nous) aidons (vous) aidez

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

Womens Rights in the Workplace Essay example - 1900 Words

Brittany Dorris Mr. Dean Ford Eng. 101 04 October 2010 A Wife, a Mom, and a Worker Women fought very hard for their rights in the workplace. Some of them, including Susan B Anthony, went above and beyond the norm. Yet, today our rights are still not the same as a man’s. At one point women weren’t allowed to work at all, and today they are allowed to have jobs while still being home makers. Although improvements have been made, there are still several dilemmas that need to be addressed. A women earns less than a man when doing the same work, and that is extremely unfair. Another issue in the workplace is that men underestimate women due to lack of strength and discrimination. There are also the issues of pregnancy and sexual†¦show more content†¦Sadly, she is still paid less than the men at her job. If she is truly one of the best employees then she should be given a raise instead of being awarded less cash. It is illegal to not hire someone based on their race, yet it is legal to pay a woman less due to h er sex. It should be clear to everyone that women are treated poorly and unfairly in the workplace everyday. Another stereotypical belief is that women aren’t as intelligent as men. If this were true, then the female generations of our past would not have come as far as they have today in the workplace. There are women involved in politics, the medical field, and education. If men were truly more intelligent, then women would not be capable of being successful in those fields. Linda Tapp, president of Crown Safety in Cherry Hill, and a very successful female, states that â€Å"gender discrimination is still live and well. No matter how much we like to think things have changed, there are more than a few people out there who think a woman can still not do the same jobs a man can do†(Eglash). In my own experience, I have learned that female teachers and doctors do an equally good job as males in those fields. A woman is fully capable of doing a job that requires hig h intellect, just as a man is. I believe that it is ridiculous and unjustified for a man to treat a woman at work poorly because he believes that men are moreShow MoreRelatedAnalysis Of The New York Times By Ellen Ullman Essay1541 Words   |  7 Pagesprejudice against women in the workplace. Specifically, Ullman thinks that such prejudice exists in the deeper parts of the more technical fields such as computer programming. While encouraging women to avoid confronting men who show their prejudice against them, Ullman nevertheless points out the idea that women should stick to their passion for their work. For Ullman, it is the next best thing that women can do, apart from being a practical solution. However, I think that women should not be afraidRead MoreEqual Rights1089 Words   |  5 PagesThroughout history women have fought to have the same rights and privileges as men. To this day women do not seem to be treated the same as men in the workforce. It appears that women have g iven up the fight for equal rights. Although women have stood up for what they believe in, there are still many aspects of the workplace that are not as equal as the opportunities that men are given. For hundreds of years women have fought to have equal rights in the workplace. First, it was not uncommon forRead MoreA Brief Note On Workplace Discrimination And The Workplace1063 Words   |  5 PagesWorkplace Discrimination Throughout history, discrimination happens all the time without one being aware of it. One place this happens very frequently is in the workplace. Discrimination has been indeed a controversial topic in every generation. There are many ways discrimination is often occurred in a workplace, and gradually increases when treating someone unfairly because of their gender. Another form of discrimination is women discrimination in a workplace. In most cases, it can lead to quittingRead MoreImproving Workplace Opportunities For Women1590 Words   |  7 PagesA century ago women were excluded from the opportunities which men enjoyed. Today, many countries including Canada have progressed significantly by creating anti-discrimination laws that have performed a critical role in expanding workplace opportunities for women. However, these laws failed to guarantee workplace equality since female workers still face discrimination through significant pay gaps for similar job duties, lack of repres entation in boards and high paying positions, and also face sexualRead MoreGender Inequality In Australia Essay1622 Words   |  7 PagesWestern women have traditionally been perceived as the inferior sex, or the domestic partner, subjected wholly to the private sphere, and stripped of legal rights and standing. Meanwhile, men are depicted as the breadwinner, the strong, masculine and dominant partner, who belongs primarily to the public sphere. These historic gender norms have been deeply imbedded within Australia’s social foundation, and although society has gradually shifted away from these roles, evidence suggests that this genderRead MoreGender Equality And Women s Rights1274 Words   |  6 Pages Women in the world still face discrimination and gender equality takes action to achieve women’s rights. AAUW provides and gives women the chance to have an education, while Catalyst reaches out to women to carry out equal pay, equal participation in the workplace, a nd remove discrimination. UN Women attains to human rights for women. Throughout history women have fought for gender equality in the workplace and in education, and every year organizations like AAUW, Catalyst, and UN Women haveRead MoreEmployment Discrimination Within The Workplace1079 Words   |  5 PagesEmployment Discrimination in Indonesia As stated on, discrimination is action that denies social participation or human rights to categories of people based on prejudice. This includes treatment of an individual or group based on their actual or perceived membership in a certain group or social category, in a way that is worse than the way people are usually treated. This could be done directly or indirectly. Direct discrimination could arise from punishments and indirect discriminationRead MoreGender Bias in the Workplace: Its Origin, Cases and Solutions 1767 Words   |  7 Pages Gender Bias in the Workplace: Its Origin, Cases and Solutions Gender bias has long been an issue in the workplace. For decades women have suffered not only a pay gap but also an authority gap. In my paper I will outline how gender bias has taken shape within the workplace and its components. It is key that we not only study the components of the gender gap but also examine how they took root. One would think that gender bias would have subsided considerably but this is not the case. Over the decadesRead MoreWorkplace Challenges For Women And Minorities Essay1186 Words   |  5 PagesWorkplace Challenges For Women And Minorities - How To Cope With Them? By Rizwan H Dayo | Submitted On November 29, 2011 Recommend Article Article Comments Print Article Share this article on Facebook Share this article on Twitter Share this article on Google+ Share this article on Linkedin Share this article on StumbleUpon Share this article on Delicious Share this article on Digg Share this article on Reddit Share this article on Pinterest Expert Author Rizwan H Dayo Challenges faced byRead MoreGlass Ceiling in the Australian Work Force1506 Words   |  7 Pagesdemonstrate how stereotyping affects males’ perception of women and how it affects women’s perception of gender roles, which supports the concept, that glass ceiling still exists. Stereotyping is to believe that, â€Å"all people or things with similar characteristics are the same,† (â€Å"stereotype†, 2014). The term glass ceiling refers to the invisible barriers that prevent women from succeeding and moving up the metaphoric ladder in the corporate world. Women are perceived as a minority in the workforce, they

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Effects Of Fossil Fuels On The Environment - 2213 Words

Fossil fuels are a major source of energy in America and throughout the world. The three major fossil fuels are oil, natural gas, and coal. While these three fossil fuels account for most of the energy used in most countries and they are able to provide energy for places around the world at a cheap price, they also account for things like pollution and the climate changes. Each of the fossil fuels has a long process to be prepared for consumer use that causes many environmental problems. The major draw to using fossil fuels is the money that they generate for the economy. Fossil fuels have made people’s lives easier and more dependent on technology. Accounting for most of the world’s source of energy is fossil fuels. These sources are†¦show more content†¦Instead of animals and plants under water, coal is made from plants that have died at the bottom of a swamp and have been pressed down by layers of soil and dirt (U.S. Energy Information Administration, 2014). These processes are similar because they both include pressure being the source of the energy creation and the length of time being millions of years. The final nonrenewable source of energy is natural gas, which came about in a similar manner to oil and coal. It took the same length of time for natural gas to be formed, which is why all three of these are considered nonrenewable resources (Energy Explorer, 2004). Gas is formed from organic matter, such as plants, that were compressed by sand and dirt over millions of years (Energy Explorer, 2004). Since these processes are not able to be repeated, there is a limited supply of these resources. The process for removal of these resources differs, unlike the process of how they originated. They also come from various places, like in rocks and formations. Coal is generally found in the Midwest, especially in Missouri and Illinois (Union of Concerned Scientists, 2014). Coal mining, although it seems simple in principle, is actually a very complicated in-depth process that can cause serious injury and is disruptive to the environment. According to the Union of Concerned Scientists (2014), a lot of the underground mining for coal occurs in the East. DueShow MoreRelatedThe Effects Of Fossil Fuels On The Environment1734 Words   |  7 PagesWhat we can be scientifically certain of is that our continued use of fossil fuels is pushing us to a point of no return, warns President Obama, â€Å"we are condemning future generations to global catastrophe.† The point of no return metaphorically represents the place in ones journey that must be continued with no alternative routes or ability to make change. In consort with President Obama, many scientists believe the point of no return could occur if significant efforts aren’t made soon. AnthropogenicRead MoreFossil Fuels And Its Effects On The Environment1175 Words   |  5 PagesFossil fuels, including coal, oil and natural gas, are currently the world s primary energy source. Fossil fuels have powered economic growth worldwide since the industrial revolution, but they are nonrenewable resources and can severely damage the environment. According to the Environmental Protection Agency, the burning of fossil fuels was responsible for 79 percent of U.S. greenhouse gas emissions in 2010. Although efficiency can help reduce emissions produced by the burning of fossil fuels,Read MoreThe Effects Of Fossil Fuels On The Environment1252 Words   |  6 PagesAll over the world, people have been stuck on using fossil fuels. This addiction has been ongoing for the past century as the primary source of energy. Global usage o f fossil fuels which include oil, coal, and natural gas, is now producing mass amounts of greenhouse emissions within our atmosphere. Such a series of events have cascaded into changes that are currently effecting the earth on multiple levels. Several of these effects are, but are not limited to: earth’s sea levels rising every yearRead MoreThe Effects Of Fossil Fuels On The Environment933 Words   |  4 PagesIntroduction The United States uses fossil fuels for 67.5% of its energy consumption. Fossil fuels have more negative impacts than positive ones. The only positive that comes from fossil fuels is that it can create energy. Most of the negative effects have to deal with the environment, like the most popular, burning coal for electricity. â€Å"Coal is used for about 43% of electricity generation in the U.S† (Coal and the Environment - Energy Explained, Your Guide To Understanding Energy - Energy InformationRead MoreFossil Fuels And Its Effects On The Environment2338 Words   |  10 PagesFossil fuels are finite resources that come from the earth, including sources such as petroleum, natural gas, and coal. All are used to generate electricity and power advanced industrial nations, but there is a lurking danger just under the skin of fossil fuel usage. In our homeland, the United States of America, it is obvious that all of us, in one form or another, use fossil fuels. Almost all of our ki ds, and their kids as well, will grow up in America and, like the current generation, use fossilRead MoreThe Effects Of Fossil Fuel Energy On The Environment And The Pocket987 Words   |  4 Pagesclimate changes and the effect of fossil fuel energy for not only being environmentally destructive, but also causing Global warming (the warming that occurs as a result of increase emissions of greenhouse gases) has become a very big issue worldwide. The fossil fuels (Oil, Coal, and Natural Gas) which is the main sources of the world’s energy sources, is also one of the main causes of the climate change. In addition with some human activities (e.g. through burning fossil fuels), they have contributedRead MoreFossil Fuels And Its Effects On The Environment And Climate856 Words   |  4 Pagesbeen the most successful species by far. We mold our environment to our benefit, and in doing so we discovered the potential that lay within our soil. Fossil fuels have provided us with easily accessible energy that can be mass produced. The overconsumption of these fuels has proved catastrophic to the environment and climate. We must use our ingenuity to create energy alternatives that are cleaner and renewable. Biofuels are plant based fuels that with a bit of more focus and refinement, can becomeRead MoreFossil Fuels And Their Impact On The Environment862 Words   |  4 PagesFossil Fuels and Their Impact on the Environment The amount of fossil fuels being deposited into the air should be controlled. Not only do fossil fuels pose a threat to the environment, but also to human health. The problem is not only noticeable in the depletion of human health, but also in the air, water, and land. Emissions are a concerning contribution to other problems such as global warming and greenhouse gases as well. One of the major factors of fossil fuels are vehicles. VehiclesRead MoreCompanies And Climate Change Case Study944 Words   |  4 Pageschange and its far-reaching business impacts.† Still using fossil fuels and releasing carbon dioxide in large amounts will have large effects on the Earth, if companies aren’t careful. The idea of global warming has been around in the United States for many years. In fact, climate change has had effects on people and the environment for a while, and it may continue. The companies use fossil fuels for energy to receive the positive business effects that they give. However, companies are already startingRead MoreSolar Energy : Solar Panels999 Words   |  4 Pageschanges and the effect of fossil fuel energy for not only being environmentally destructive but also causing Global warming (the warming that occurs as a result of increase emissions of greenhouse gases) has become a very big issue worldwide. The fossil fuels (Oil, Coal, and N atural Gas) which is the main sources of the world’s energy sources have negative natural emissions coupled with the human activities that change the atmosphere’s composition (e.g. through burning fossil fuels) have contributed

No Child Left Behind Act Free Essays

With the No Child Left Behind Act, signed into law in early 2002, the Bush Administration put its stamp on the central federal law governing K-12 schooling, the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) ratified in 1965. Throughout his campaign for the presidency, Bush summoned the ideas that are now law as a way to improve public education across the board, particularly for poor children. Vowing to end the soft prejudice of low expectations that he said has allowed too many poor children to fall enduringly behind in school, President Bush declared, â€Å"It’s time to come together to get it (educational reform) done so that we can truthfully say in America, ‘No child will be left behind, not one single child’† Described in this way, the problem of low expectations proposes the solution most probably built into the provisions of No Child Left Behind: higher expectations. We will write a custom essay sample on No Child Left Behind Act or any similar topic only for you Order Now Though, the law needs not higher expectations which, after all, cannot be legislated but to a certain extent documented success, across the board and against a set of external standards. Expecting every child to succeed is one thing; needing that success is another. Supporters look upon the No Child Left Behind Act as a much-needed push in the right direction: a set of measures that will drive broad gains in student achievement as well as hold states and schools properly accountable for student progress. A number of critics see it fundamentally as a insincere set of demands, framed in an appealing language of expectations, that will force schools to fail on a scale large enough to rationalize shifting public dollars to private schools that is, as a political effort to reform public education out of existence through a policy of test and burn. (Levin, B. Riffel, J, 1998). Sadly, No Child Left Behind appears, at best, to fix the wrong problem. The sanctions written into the law appear designed to compel teachers to teach and students to learn. Thus far, few children do not want to learn and few teachers do not want to teach. This is barely the biggest problem in struggling schools. What is missing is chance and support, not desire. Consider the gap between the reforms institutionalized through No Child Left Behind and the needs of John Essex, a high-poverty school in rural Demopolis, Alabama. The New York Times (Schemo, 2003b), reported: The truck full of stones showed up at John Essex School without explanation, as if some unnamed saint had heard Loretta McCoy’s despair. As principal of this school in Alabama’s rural Black Belt, Ms. McCoy struggles to find money for essentials: library books, musical instruments, supplies and teachers. So when the stones appeared, Ms. McCoy knew it might be the closest John Essex would get to landscaping and got pushing. A pile went by the back door, filing a huge pothole the children waded through when it rained. Another truckload filled a sinkhole by the Dumpsters, where garbage trucks got stuck in mud, and a third went to craters when the children took recess. Her pleading got John Essex five deliveries of rock: not enough to level the school’s entrance, but enough to give its principal a small dose of hope. The K-12 school has 264 students, all poor and all Black. The building’s cinder-block walls are unplastered, electrical lines are exposed, also the library includes books â€Å"that ponder how the Vietnam War will turn out† and â€Å"speak of landing on the moon as an ambitious dream† (Schemo, 2003b). Students have to master a foreign language to earn the academic diploma they require to get into college; however the school has no foreign language teacher, as well no art or music teacher. A few wrist bells comprise the school’s collection of musical instruments. One person teaches chemistry, earth science, biology, and all the other science classes. Given the funding shortfalls and high failure rates extensively predicted for struggling schools like John Essex, it is hard to believe that sanctions are a good-faith prescription for accomplishment. Schools with fewer students and less funding will have even more difficulty attracting the best teachers, most of whom will prefer not to teach in a school branded failing. Though No Child Left Behind was signed into law with promises of not giving up on a single student, which proposes a commitment to ensuring that all children succeed, sanctions drive the law and almost make sure the opposite: failure. If this was not the case, if a state documented the success of each and every student that state no doubt would be criticized for cheating, grade inflation, or low standard. Pious platitudes regarding children being capable to learn and accountability for adequate yearly progress are poor substitutes for the cold, hard cash schools like John Essex need to attract good teachers and to finance the programs that might validate this rhetoric. While the federal contribution to total spending on public education is extremely small, about seven percent, the high-poverty schools most vulnerable to the sanctions rely excessively on this money. No Child Left Behind emerges not to address the very real problems in these schools, some of which rely on Title I dollars for more than a third of their spending, but somewhat to use those problems as a rationale for eroding public education. President Bush wanted to include vouchers for private schools in the No Child Left Behind law, however let this go when it became clear Congress would not pass the legislation with that provision. Debatably, however, No Child Left Behind lays the groundwork for exactly this result. The objective appears to be not to improve the quality of schooling for poor children, however rather to turn the problems of poor schools into a campaign to destroy public education. As growingly schools are deemed failing, the demand for vouchers likely will increase, paving the way for a transfer of students and funds to private schools. In the summer of 2003, the president invigorated his call for vouchers and backed a proposal to spend seventy-five million dollars in federal money on vouchers for private schools. Of the seventy-five million dollars, fifteen million dollars would go to families in Washington, DC for vouchers for two thousand of the sixty-seven thousand students in the district. The move came after a decision by the U. S. Supreme Court the year before that affirmed the constitutionality of permitting parents to use public funds to pay for religious and other private schooling. The case focused on a program in Cleveland, which offers private-school vouchers of up to $2,250 to approximately three thousand and seven hundred of the district’s seventy-five thousand students. (Tozer, S. E., Violas, P. C., Senese, G, 2002). Several students lack supports common in middle-class and rich households an adult at home in the evening, lots of books, and a quiet place to work. Others struggle to handle with the stress of living with constant economic insecurity evictions, homelessness, moving from place to place or of living in a community used by the larger society as a poisonous dumping ground. By paying no attention to this reality, No Child Left Behind continues the â€Å"blame-the-victim approach† that has long considered public schooling. Much more is needed than simply stating we now have high expectations for all children. Unaccompanied by a political commitment to construct a system where there is a cause to expect every child to succeed, such proclamations ridicule the ideals they bring to mind. Under the semblance of battling the soft bigotry of low expectations, policy-makers are moving in the incorrect direction in the long struggle to understand the ideal of equal educational opportunity. The stick side of the No Child Left Behind Act is operating: Schools not capable to meet annual achievement targets are being punished. Though, the carrot side of the law, something better for poor children in struggling schools, has not materialized. While funding for Title I has increased, it falls violently short of the realistic costs of achieving hundred percent proficiency. As the federal government reviewed states’ plans for putting into practice No Child Left Behind in summer 2003, a related battle gathered steam when the Bush administration planned to overhaul Head Start, the federally funded preschool program that serves about one million of the nation’s poorest 3- and 4-year-olds in community centers and schools. Under the proposal, the funding for the program would be distributed in block grants to states, under the control at first of up to eight governors. When Head Start was formed in 1965 as an initiative within the larger War on Poverty, then-President Lyndon Johnson intentionally avoided giving governors, antagonists in battles over civil rights, control over the program. (Levin, B. Riffel, J, 1998). Critics of the proposal, including more than forty antipoverty and child welfare groups, protested that distributing Head Start dollars in block grants to states would take to bits the program by destroying the federal guarantee that the money will be used as originally planned namely, to provide an array of services to poor children, together with nutritional food, dental and health care, immunizations, as well as, in some centers, literacy programs for family members. To take this program away from communities this is a direct federal community program also hand it over to states without the national performance standards, without the requirements for complete services that make Head Start successful, and at a time when states are facing the biggest budget shortfalls in their history, is to destroy it. (Johnson, M, 2001). Under the proposal, Head Start employees would be needed to teach reading, writing, and math skills, and Head Start pupils would be required to partake in an assessment to find out if the new academic standards were being met. The proposal would need as a minimum half of all Head Start teachers to have 4-year college degrees by 2008, however would not require competitive salaries. Head Start teachers now earn merely about half the average salary of kindergarten teachers. Reference: Johnson, M. (2001, December). Making teaching boom proof: The future of the teaching profession. New Economy, 8(4), 203-207. This article describes how the staffing and retention of teachers could be enhanced to deal with national shortages. Levin, B. Riffel, J. (1998, March). Conceptualising school change. Cambridge Journal of Education, 28(1), 113. This article attempts to discuss the implications for educational strategy makers suggested by the literature review Schemo, D. J. (2003b, July 11). Questions on data cloud luster of Houston schools. The New York Times. Retrieved from  Ã‚ This article discusses that hundreds of drop-outs were wrongly listed as transfers. Enrolment at alleged miracle high schools dropped noticeably during this time. Tozer, S. E., Violas, P. C., Senese, G. (2002). School and society: Historical and contemporary perspectives (4th Ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill This text seeks to define an analytic framework that illustrates how and why certain school-society issues first took place in this country and how they transformed over time. In its assessment of the development of education in the United States, this text entails an engaging historical story. How to cite No Child Left Behind Act, Essay examples

Cardiovascular Disease Burden in Singapore-Samples for Students

Question: Discuss about the Cardiovascular Disease Burden in Singapore. Answer: A study conducted by Ministry of Health in the year 2010 had shown clearly that cardiovascular disorder has been the leading cause of death in the nation of Singapore. It has estimated to face a death of about 1908% of the vulnerable population that is then followed by cancer at 18.9% (Lam et al., 2015). This is in turn followed by deaths due to neurological, vision and hearing disorders that account to about 14.0%. Although years have passed and various advancement have been made by the nation in medical fields and technologies, this chronic disorder is still studied to be the leading cause of death even in the recent years (Koh, Yuan Pan, 2015). Therefore, the present assignment will mainly be based on how cardiovascular disorders had been leading the maximum cause of death in the nation, the age cohort that it is affecting and the different causes of occurrence of such disorders in the population. Moreover, a health priority framework would be proposed which can check this disord er and promote health and well-being of the vulnerable population. Cardiovascular disorder has been noted to be one of the most important priority areas that should be taken into consideration by the department of health in the nation. Not only the governmental healthcare centers but also the private healthcare organizations need to conduct social analysis of the disorder and develop strategies to fight the present condition. Local governments also should promote effective health campaigns to identify the vulnerable group and educate the group with preventive measures so that cardiovascular disorders and death can be prevented. Present statistics show that every day in the nation of Singapore, 16 people die from different types of cardiovascular disorders. Cardiovascular disorders had accounted for about 29.5% of all the deaths in the year 2016 (, 2018). This study also states that 1 out of every 3 deaths in Singapore is occurring due to either heart disorders or due to strokes. Total number of deaths in the year 2016 is seen to be 20, 017 out of which death due to cardiovascular disorder is 6000 (Approximately). Ischemic heart disorders account for 17% whereas cerebro-vascular disorders account for 6.6% that even includes occurrences of strokes. Hypertensive heart diseases accounts for about 4.0% of the deaths and other heart disease accounts for 1.9%. Therefore, from such data, it can be seen that more than one-fourth number of deaths in the nation had been due to cardiovascular disorders and therefore, it can be considered as one of the topmost priority areas in healthcare industry of the nation. In order to develop proper strategy to ensure the health and well-being of the individuals, it is extremely important to conduct a social analysis. This analysis would help in identifying the cohort of the population that is vulnerable to be affected by this disorder. Three races of population are seen to reside in the nation of Singapore. They are mainly of Chinese, Malay and Indian origin. The average age of the Chinese population in the nation who seems to be affected by myocardial infarction is 64 where the ranges of age extend from 54 to 74 years of age. The average age of the males who suffer from this disorder is 71. In case of the Malayans, the average age is 61 where the range of age varies from 51 to 71. The average age of the males who suffer from such incidences among the Malayans is 73.4 (, 2017). The average age for the cases of myocardial infarction in Indians is seen to be 58 where the range varies from 49 to 70. The average age of the males in this case is 77. In the year 2016, about 30.9% of the males had been affected by the disorders whereas the incidences of this disorder had been less in case of women accounting for about 27.7%. This showed that the males more vulnerable to the diseases (, 2018). Several factors lead to occurrences of this disorder. Diabetes had been seen to be the most important cause of the different heart disorders with the highest rate of about 51% among the Indians, 42% among the Malayans and 34.6% among the Chinese. On the other hand, hypertension had been seen to be the causal factor for such occurrences among 60.5% of Chinese, 55.2% of Malayans and 54.4 % among the Indians. Hyperlipidemia and Obesity had been also the cays of myocardial infarction among 49.6% of Chinese, 46.3% of Malayans and 51.9% of Indians (, 2017). Smoking disorder is also found to be an important factor for the development of cardiovascular diseases. It accounts to the highest among the Malayans accounting to be of 59.6%. It is also seen to be the reason for heart diseases among 52.6% Of the Chinese and 50.8% of the Indians. Besides, family history of premature coronary heart diseases and renal failure are also the reasons for which cardiovascular diseases take place i n individuals in Singapore (Gijsberts et al., 2015). One of the best frameworks for designing health promotion program in the different communities of the nation of Singapore is the Ottawa framework. The Ottawa charter for health promotion can be defined as the international agreement that was signed at Ottawa in Canada under the governance of the world health Organization in First International Conference on Health Promotion in 1986. Since then, this framework had been used by several nations to strategize health promotion campaigns effectively (Hivert et al., 2016). Three important strategies, the Ottawa framework advices for health promotion are advocating, enabling and mediating. In case of advocacy, it should be remembered that health is one form of resource for different developmental as well as social means. Therefore, all the dimensions hat affect the resource of health must be modified in ways that will encourage well being. The second one is called enabling. It states that the health equity should be followed and every indivi dual should be empowered to control the determinants that affect their health. These should be done in ways where the individuals can reach the highest attainable quality of life. The last strategy says that health promotion can never be achieved alone by the health sector. Therefore, all sectors of the government should collaborate and coordinate with each other and with independent organizations like different industries and media to ensure success of the health campaigns (Campbell et al., 2016). In order to cover up the three important strategies in the implementation of proper health campaigns for prevention and control of cardiovascular disorders, five important arenas need to be taken in considerations. Healthcare organizations, community health care centers, social workers, health care representatives, leaders of the healthcare campaigns and others should work together (Kaczorowski et al., 2016) Everyone should come together to build health public policy, create support environments, strengthen community actions, develop the personal skills of the community dwellers and reorient health service for better prevention and promotion of health. Routine checkups in the communities, public healthcare centers and in different organizations should be done to check blood pressure. Keep the cholesterol level and triglyceride levels under control and check the BMI for measuring weight. This routine checkup would help in prior identification of the issues and warn the vulnerable individuals from danger (Griffiths et al., 2016). Besides, there would be health education sessions in the communities as well as in the healthcare centers about the importance of maintaining proper lifestyles. This prevents occurrence of any heart disorders. The vulnerable population should be identified and then they should be mailed for participation in healthcare sessions. The health education classes would contain distribution of pamphlets and brochures in easy language so that the cohort can understand the steps they need to take for maintaining healthy lifestyle. Importance of healthy diet would be explained and interested individuals could also get diet charts from representatives. Saturated fats, foods rich in sodium and added sugars should be avoided. In place, fresh fruits, whole grains and vegetables should be incorporated. Regular exercises should be done as it benefits strengthening of hearts and improvement of circulation. Arranging for exercise sessions in the communities can also be a part of the health promotion ca mpaigns (Cox, 2017). Proper counseling sessions for alcoholic individuals and those suffering from tobacco use disorder can be arranged. The counseling sessions would be held once a week where vulnerable individuals can visit for help. Limiting alcohol is excessively important as it results in excessive weight gain by addition of extra calories. Cigarette smoking exposes individuals to increase blood pressure putting individuals at greater risks (Liddy et al., 2017). Therefore, these initiatives are also necessary. Apart from the above mentioned strategies to ensure creating supportive environment, reorienting healthcare services and strengthening community actions to ensure preventions of heart diseases, development of interpersonal skills of the vulnerable individuals are also necessary. Management of stress is important as extreme stress triggers heart attack. Management of diabetes is important to keep blood sugar level under control. Making sure of getting enough sleep is important (Campbell et al., 2017). Therefore, they should be taught of the ways by which they can take their own care and maintain their well-being. Government should propose a policy including guideline to ensure best health of the vulnerable population. From the entire discussion, it is clear that cardiovascular disorders is the main disease that should be accepted as priority areas as it had been affecting huge number of population leading to death. Age cohort of above 45 years of age is seen to be the most vulnerable to the disease with the number of deaths increasing with age. Several factors like diabetes, hypertension, smoking habits and many others contribute to these risky situations. With the help of Ottawa factors, concerned healthcare authorities can arrange for healthcare campaigns that will ensure better quality life of the mentioned cohort References: Campbell, D. J., Manns, B. J., Hemmelgarn, B. R., Sanmartin, C., King-Shier, K. M. (2016). Development of a conceptual framework for understanding financial barriers to care among patients with cardiovascular-related chronic disease: a protocol for a qualitative (grounded theory) study.CMAJ open,4(2), E304. Campbell, D. J., Manns, B. J., Weaver, R. G., Hemmelgarn, B. R., King-Shier, K. M., Sanmartin, C. (2017). Financial barriers and adverse clinical outcomes among patients with cardiovascular-related chronic diseases: a cohort study.BMC medicine,15(1), 33. Cox, J. L. (2017). Why We Need More and Better Cardiovascular Disease Quality Indicators.Canadian Journal of Cardiology,33(4), 416-419. Gijsberts, C. M., Seneviratna, A., de Carvalho, L. P., den Ruijter, H. M., Vidanapthirana, P., Sorokin, V., ... Low, A. F. (2015). Ethnicity modifies associations between cardiovascular risk factors and disease severity in parallel Dutch and Singapore coronary cohorts.PloS one,10(7), e0132278. Griffiths, K., Aggarwal, B. B., Singh, R. B., Buttar, H. S., Wilson, D., De Meester, F. (2016). Food antioxidants and their anti-inflammatory properties: a potential role in cardiovascular diseases and cancer prevention.Diseases,4(3), 28. Hivert, M. F., Arena, R., Forman, D. E., Kris-Etherton, P. M., McBride, P. E., Pate, R. R., ... Kraus, W. E. (2016). Medical training to achieve competency in lifestyle counseling: an essential foundation for prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases and other chronic medical conditions: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association.Circulation,134(15), e308-e327. Kaczorowski, J., Campbell, N. R., Duhaney, T., Mang, E., Gelfer, M. (2016). Reducing deaths by diet: Call to action for a public policy agenda for chronic disease prevention.Canadian Family Physician,62(6), 469-470. Koh, W. P., Yuan, J. M., Pan, A. (2015). Abstract P251: Weight Change is Associated With Risk of Cardiovascular Mortality Among Singapore Chinese. Lam, B. C. C., Koh, G. C. H., Chen, C., Wong, M. T. K., Fallows, S. J. (2015). Comparison of body mass index (BMI), body adiposity index (BAI), waist circumference (WC), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) as predictors of cardiovascular disease risk factors in an adult population in Singapore.PLoS One,10(4), e0122985. Liddy, C., Rowan, M., Valiquette-Tessier, S. C., Drosinis, P., Crowe, L., Hogg, W. (2017). Improved Delivery of Cardiovascular Care (IDOCC): findings from narrative reports by practice facilitators.Preventive medicine reports,5, 214-219. (2016).Singapore - Statistics - About The Heart Heart Disease - Singapore Heart Foundation. [online] Available at: [Accessed 12 Feb. 2018]. (2017).Singapores Approaching Tsunami of Cardiovascular Disease. [online] Available at: [Accessed 12 Feb. 2018]

Friday, May 1, 2020

Death of a Salesman and A Raisin in the SUn Essay Example For Students

Death of a Salesman and A Raisin in the SUn Essay A common theme in society today is that money is the key to happiness. In A Raisin in the Sun and Death of a Salesman the theme that money is the root of contentment is also present. In A Raisin in the Sun, Walter Lee has such a desire to be rich that he neglects his son and wife. Willy, in Death of a Salesman, is also very distracted by the thought of money. First of all, Willy believes that he needs to be as successful as his brother, Ben, in order to be happy. He spends his whole life wishing that he had gone with his brother to Alaska. This is where he got rich and Willy believes that if he had gone with Ben, he would be rich too. Many times throughout the play, when Willy is having hallucinations of Ben, he asks him, How did you do it, Ben? Also, throughout the play, he refers to a salesman that is in his 80s and is very successful. He talks about how this man is so old, but is still working from his home. He also speaks of how this man is so well liked in all of the cities that he has gone to. Being well liked is important to Willy because he thinks that if he is well liked throughout the area, he will sell more and therefore become rich like his brother. In the same respect, Walter Lee, from A Raisin in the Sun, has a fascination with money. He believes that he needs to own a liquor store to obtain money and when his mother receive s her check, he expects her to give him the money so that he can fulfill his dream. When his mother does not give him the money at first, he is furious because he believes that, to be happy, he must own the liquor store. Walter Lee wants to be a good father and husband and wants to be able to provide for his family everything that they need. This desire that he has shades his eyes from the fact that he is neglecting them. Finally, when Walter Lee does get the money that he needs from his mother for the store, it is stolen by one of his business partners. I believe that this is when Walter Lee realizes that money is not everything and it is not the only way to happiness. A Raisin in the Sun and Death of a Salesman both have fundamental ideas that money can buy happiness, when in reality, the main characters in the plays realize that actually family is the most important thing.